What to Say in Salah in Arabic? 

What to Say in Salah in Arabic

In Salah, Muslims recite various phrases and supplications in Arabic to express their devotion and seek guidance from Allah. Here are the common phrases and actions performed during different stages of Salah:

  1. Standing (Qiyam) –
    • Begin with Takbir: “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest).
    • Opening Dua: “Subhanak allahumma wa bi hamdika wa tabarak esmuka…”
    • Recite Surah Al-Fatihah followed by another short Surah.
  2. Bowing (Ruku) –
    • Say Tasbih: “Subhana Rabbiyal Adheem” (Glory be to my Lord, the Greatest) three times.
  3. Standing after Ruku’ –
    • Say: “Sami’Allahu liman hamidah” (Allah hears those who praise Him).
    • Then say: “Rabbana lakal hamd” (Our Lord, praise be to You).
  4. Prostrating (Sujood) –
    • Begin with Takbir.
    • Say Tasbih: “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la” (How Perfect is my Lord, the Highest) three times.
  5. First Tashahud –
    • Recite the complete Tashahud: “Attahiyyaatu lillaahi wassalawaatu…”
  6. Last Tashahud –
    • After completing all Rakats, recite the earlier Tashahud with the additional part: “Allahumma Salli ’Alaa Muhammad Wa ’Alaa Ali Muhammad…”
  7. The Taslim (Ending) –
    • Turn the head to the right and say: “Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah” (Peace and mercy of Allah be upon you).
    • Turn the head to the left and repeat the phrase.
    • Conclude with: “Assalamu alaikum Wa Rahmatullah” (Peace and mercy of Allah be upon you).

Here are all that you need to say in Salah in Arabic and English with a clear guide to the best authentic practices. Salah is an obligatory worship in Islam that Muslims perform every day as one of the pillars of Islam It contains sayings and actions that represent a connection between the believer and Allah. 

In Islam, prayer is worship and communication with Allah (SWT). During prayer, Muslims recite specific phrases and verses in Arabic, besides, Duaa.

Read: How to Pray Salah For Females?

Here is a detailed discussion:

What to Say in Salah in Arabic? 

It is important to note that while these phrases are commonly used during prayer, it is also acceptable to speak to Allah in your own words and express your thoughts and feelings. Read the importance of Salah in Islam.

Here are some common phrases a Muslim says during Salah in Arabic and English:

What to Say in Salah When Standing 

  1. We begin salah with takbir, “Allahu Akabar الله أكبر”, which means Allah is the greatest. It is Takbirat Al-Ihram. At the beginning of Salah, Muslims say “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest) while raising their hands to shoulder level.
  2. The Opening Dua: The Opening Dua is recited at the beginning of the first Rakat. We say: “Subhanak allahumma wa bi hamdika wa tabarak esmuka wa ta’ala jadduk wa la ilaha ghairuk.”
  3. Reciting surah Al-Fatiha: Surah Al-Fatihah is the opening chapter of the Quran, it is recited in every rakat of Salah.
  4. Reciting another short surah is the next step then we say takbir again. After reciting Surah Al-Fatihah, Muslims recite other Surah or verses from the Quran.

Read: How to Pray Salah In Islam?

What to Say in Salah When Bowing (For Ruku)

  • In Ruku After takbir, Muslims bow down, saying tasbih “Subhana Rabbiyal Adheem سبحان ربي العظيم” “How Perfect is my Lord, the supreme” or  (Glory be to my Lord, the Greatest) three times. 

What to Say in Salah When Standing after Ruku’ (For Qiyam)

  • The next step is standing up from bowing and saying “Sami’Allahu liman hamidah سمع الله لمن حمده” “Allah hears those who praise Him”.
  • Then we say:” Rabbana lakal hamd ربنا ولك الحمد” “Our Lord, praise be to You”.

What to Say in Salah When Prostrating 

  • Before we move to prostrate or sujood we say takbir.
  • While prostrating, we say tasbih “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la سبحان ربي الأعلى” “How Perfect is my Lord, the Highest” three times.
  • The next step is sitting up and saying takbir, then repeating prostrating.

What to Say in Salah in First Tashahud (Testimony of faith)

In The first tashahud in salah which comes from two rakats we say:

“Attahiyyaatu lillaahi wassalawaatu, wattayyibaatu, assalaamu ‘alayka ‘ayyuhan-Nabiyyu wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuhu, assalaamu ‘alaynaa wa ‘alaa ‘ibaadillaahis-saaliheen. ‘Ash-hadu ‘an laa ‘ilaaha ‘illallaahu wa ‘ash-hadu ‘anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa Rasooluhu”.

التحيات لله والصلوات والطيبات، السلام عليك أيها النبي ورحمة الله وبركاته، السلام علينا وعلى عباد الله الصالحين، أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وأشهد أن محمدًا رسول الله عبده ورسوله.

Tashahud in English means:

All greetings of humility are for Allah, and all prayers and goodness. Peace be upon you, O prophet, and the mercy of Allah and his blessings. 

Peace be upon the righteous slaves of Allah and upon us. I bear witness that there is no worthy of worship but Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is his slave and his Messenger.

What to Say in Salah When in the Last Tashahud

After performing all rakats, we say the earlier tashahud with an additional part which is:

“Allahumma Salli ’Alaa Muhammad Wa ’Alaa Ali Muhammad Kama Sallayta ’ala Ibrahim Wa ’ Alaa Ali Ibrahim.

Wabarik ‘Alaa Muhammad Wa ’Alaa Ali Muhammad.Kama Barakta ‘Alaa Ibrahim Wa ’Alaa Ali Ibrahim 

Fil ‘Alamin innaka Hamidum-Majid.

اللهم صلِ على محمد وعلى آل محمد كما صليت على إبراهيم وعلى آل إبراهيم، وبارك على محمد وعلى آل محمد كما باركت على إبراهيم وعلى آل إبراهيم، إنك حميد مجيد.

O Allah, let your mercy come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as you let it come upon Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim.

 O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as you blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Indeed you are praiseworthy and glorious.”

The Taslim

At last, Muslims turn their head to the right and say: “Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,” (Peace and mercy of Allah be upon you) and then to the left, repeating the same phrase to end Salah.

It is the last step we take to end salah with taslim while seating. We say “Assalamu alaikum Wa Rahmatullah السلام عليكم ورحمة الله”.

Taslim means “peace and the mercy of Allah be on you”. We say it twice while turning faces to the right and left sides. 

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